Object ID
2008.37.38
Object Name
Block, Printing
Date Created
1956 – 1984
Material
Lead; Wood
Object Entities
Damianos, John (is related to)
Object Description
Rectangular wood and cast lead printing block. The print image is a horizontal progression of Greek warriors in various poses and using variousl weapons. From right to left, there is a figure kneeling and drawing back a bown and arrow. Standing behind the kneeling figure is another figure with a bow and no arrow. The next figure is standing and leaning back with a leg and arm outstretched before him and an arm raised with a spear in hand, as if preparing to throw the spear. The next figure appears to be walking with a sword in hand. The far left figure is staning with an upright spear in one hand, the butt of the spear resting on the ground, and a sword in the other hand, pointed towards the ground. The figure is wearing a Greek-style plummed helmet. On the far left of the image is a large, oval shield, three spears and a sword, all appearing to be resting against the egde of the image.
Origin
Donated by John Damianos. The printing block was used in a linotype printing machine. Linotype presses allowed for the casting of entire lines to be printed at a time. Linotype printing was eventually succeeded by lithograph printing and computer typesetting during the 1960's and 1970's. This printing block was used by the Chicago-based, Greek Art Printing Company. The printing block was used for the printing of a luncheon menu for The Greek Cafe. The Greek Cafe was located at 338 South Halsted Street, Chicago. The image is also used in an advertisement for Greek Line in a program from the Hellenic Student Association of Roosevelt University's Annual Dance. The Hellenich Student Association of Roosevelt University was founded in 1956. The objectives of the Association are: to bring all Greek Students together and provide them with a forum for discussion of the problems in this country; to create a better understanding of the Greek culture and spirit among thier American fellow students and the society in whole, and to assist Greek student financially or otherwise to complete thier education. Greek Line was a passenger ship company that operated trans-Atlantic and short and long distance voyages from 1939 to 1975. The image is also used in the printing of sponsor pages for the Floros Florides, A.C.C.D. Co. in the Dinner-Dance programs of the Philanthropic Society "Neo Skopos." The image is also used in multiple sponsor advertisements in the programs for the 1967, 1969, and 1971 N.H.I.B.T. The image is also in a sponsor advertisement for the Spartan Produce Co. in the program for the 1st Annual Dinner-Dance of the Old Greek-Town Businessman's Association. The Greek spear, known as the doru, was commonly the main weapon of Greek hoplites. The swords in the image resemble the short-styled gladius used in ancient Greece. The shield resembles the large, round, and concave typpe of shield, knows as an aspis or hoplon, used by hoplites.
Rights and Reproduction
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Citation
Block, Printing, 1956 – 1984, Greek Art Printing Company Artifact Collection, National Hellenic Museum, https://collections.nationalhellenicmuseum.org/Detail/objects/9856. Accessed 03/05/21.