Object ID
F2014.63.I
Object Name
Medal, Military
Date Created
1940s
Material
Metal
Object Description
Army Infantry Branch Insignia: enlisted. The badge is cicular with two gold color crossed muskets, vintage 1795 Springfield musket. There is a screw backing on the back.
Origin
Crossed muskets were first introduced into the Army as the insignia of officers and enlisted men of the Infantry on 19 November 1875 (War Department General Order No. 96 dated 19 Nov 1875) to take effect on or before 1 June 1876. Numerous attempts in the earlier years were made to keep the insignia current with the ever- changing styles of rifles being introduced into the Army. However, in 1924 the branch insignia was standardized by the adoption of crossed muskets and the 1795 model Springfield Arsenal musket was adopted as the standard musket to be used. This was the first official United States shoulder arm, made in a government arsenal, with interchangeable parts, caliber .69, flint lock, smooth bore, muzzle loader. The standardized musket now in use was first suggested by Major General Charles S. Farnsworth, U.S. Army, while he was the first Chief of Infantry, in July 1921, and approved by General Pershing, Chief of Staff, in 1922. The device adopted in 1922 has been in continual use since 1924. There have been slight modifications in the size of the insignia over the years; however, the basic design has remained unchanged.
Rights and Reproduction
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Citation
Medal, Military, 1940s, National Hellenic Museum, https://collections.nationalhellenicmuseum.org/Detail/objects/10510. Accessed 03/07/21.